• This document presents an an overview of two tools that can be used as a strategy to help us be more effective and appropriate in intercultural interactions within AFS and beyond: the Description, Interpretation, Verification, Evaluation (D.I.V.E.) model and the Observation, Description, Interpretation, Suspension of Evaluation (O.D.I.S) exercise.
    Tools to Suspend Judgment
  • This document summarizes the research AFS has done since 1985: Impact Study (1985), Educational Results Study (2004), Long-Term Impact Study (2008), The Impact of Living Abroad Project (2012), The Educational Impact Assessment Pilot (ongoing)
    Overview of AFS Research
  • A basic presentation of the four models of culture: the Iceberg model, the Onion model, the Tree model and the Dune model of culture. What are their advantages and disadvantages when trying to understand culture?
    Concepts and Theories of Culture
  • Debriefing is an essential step in a training session to ensure that the knowledge is being acquired and processed. In order to understand it, it is necessary to review the experiential learning cycle and different learning styles.
    Debriefing Experiential Learning
  • Learning Styles are divided into four major types: diverging, assimilating, converging, and accomodating. They provide a framework for understaning the variety of ways of learning and teaching/training around the world.
    Learning Styles
  • David Kolb's experiential learning cycle is a theory which describes how we take in and process information, and ultimately, apply knowledge.
    Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle
  • An overview of Geert Hofstede's six cultural dimensions, which provide a framework for analyzing tendencies associated with 50 national cultures.
    Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions
  • An introduction to nine different models for the cultural adaptation process, from affective, behavioral and cognitive perspectives.
    Cultural Adaptation Models
  • Common vocabulary to understand when studying Intercultural Learning and AFS.
    ICL Terminology
  • An explanation of the six-step process of cultural integration according to Milton Bennett's Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS).
    The DMIS
  • Perspectives on how different cultures perceive and address conflict.
    Intercultural Conflict Styles
  • Five categories proposed by Milton Bennett to think about how cultures are different from one another.
    Five Frameworks of Culture
  • Edward T. Hall and his strong contributions to the field of intercultural communication.
    Contributions of Edward T. Hall
  • The Cultural Continuum and how it is related to Generalizations and Stereotypes.
    Generalizations & Stereotypes